Tuesday, September 27, 2016

First Prize Winner at AT&T Hackathon and Wonderful Experience

This past weekend I participated in a Tech IoT Hackathon organized by AT&T and IBM at San Francisco and won First Place. It was 2 sleepless days and it got paid off well by winning the competition.

It was 2 day event where participants/teams were expected to preferably stay in facility provided by organizers and code their respective idea. The idea was to use AT&T and IBM platform (e.g. M2X, Watson, Bluemix etc.) along with some IoT/Sensors/Micro Computer Boards (e.g. Raspberry Pi) to solve day-to-day problem.

It was a nice experience and opportunity to interact with lot of talented people around the world. Other teams also came with nice ideas and they also implemented it nicely.

A big thanks to organizers, all participants and everyone who supported this event and shared their ideas during the event, it was very inspiring and more food for thoughts.

More details about event:

I'll try to keep doing this more often now :-)

Thanks for reading!

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

AEM - Query list of components and templates

Some time while migration or for auditing purposes we need to know where a particular component/template or any other resource have been used. Have you ever wondered about how to fetch a list of all the paths where a particular component or template is being used?

I this short article I am going to show a quick way to write a utility with which you can get list if paths (actual resource nodes) where a targeted resource is being used.

Here is the code snipped:

public void getResourceListHelper(Resource parentResource, String targetSearchPropertyKey
String targetSearchPropertyValue, List components) {    

Resource childResource;
for (Iterator resourceChildrenIter = parentResource.listChildren(); resourceChildrenIter.hasNext(); 
getResourceListHelper(childResource, targetSearchPropertyKey, targetSearchPropertyValue, components)) {
childResource = (Resource) resourceChildrenIter.next();
ValueMap childProperties = (ValueMap) childResource.adaptTo(ValueMap.class);

if (targetSearchPropertyValue.equals(childProperties.get(
  targetSearchPropertyKey, String.class))) {


Code is pretty much self explanatory but, I’ll give you a quick walkthourhg:
  1. Here we have Java method take 4 arguments
    • parentResource: this is parent resource/node under which we want to perform search.
    • targetSearchPropertyKey: property name under “parentResource” and its sub-resources (child nodes) that we want to search for
    • targetSearchPropertyValue: value of property that should be matched
    • components: This is a collection/list where all the resources after search is completed will be accumulated.
  1. There is a recursive call to navigate child resources/nodes under given parent resource
  2. Method will not return anything rather result (resources that matched search) will be accumulated in components collection.
Let’s look at one quick day-to-day scenario. Let’s say we have a web site create in AEM under /content/sites/demo and we want to know all the nodes where “title” component is used. To get this information we need to call:

getResourceListHelper(demo, “sling:resourceType”, “app/components/title”,  resourceList);

Thanks for reading!!!

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Developing Single Page Applications in AEM using AngularJS

In this article I am going to walk you through how you can develop extensible AngularJS application (to be specific templates and component) in AEM.

If you have fair understanding of AngularJS and AEM then it would be easy for you understand this tutorial else I’ll recommend to gain at least basic knowledge of both before you attempt to follow this article.

I have spent initial few years of my career to write pure server side application using Java/J2EE (Servlet, JSP, Spring, different ORMs etc.) with little bit of JavaScript (jQuery etc.) and I was enjoying it. From last few years I have also started using modern JavaScript framework like AngularJS very heavily and it is a great experience and I am enjoying it even more and I’ll definitely recommend to learn and leverage it if you can.

Let’s start with a quick overview of both AEM and AngularJS.

If you are in web development filed (specially front end) then I am sure you must have heard about AngularJS. It is a great frame works to build SPA - ingle page applications  (remember this as you’ll need to refer this back while going through article) and lot things that can be achieved very easily with minimum JavaScript code. AngularJS brings some cool features to web application development, some of them are:

1. Two Way Data-Binding
2. Templates
3. MVC (Models, Views/Partials, Controllers) and Services
4. Dependency Injection - we can create services, factories and other libraries that can be injected as and when you need it.
5. Directives – create custom HTML elements, attributes for your application.

If you are new to AngularJS or want to know more about AngularJS (which I recommend) then feel free to look at AngularJS official documentation (very soon AngularJS 2 will become popular but, in this article I’ll be talking about AngularJS 1). Here are few links that you can refer:

AEM (Adobe Experience Manager)
AEM is a CMS developed and managed by Adobe (Adobe acquired it from communiqué few years back). Earlier it was popular as CQ/CQ5. AEM is built on top of some of very nice and solid frameworks in market:

1. OSGi/Felix – allows us to develop modular application by developing bundles, which exposes services/components that can be referenced from other bundles. Bundles are similar to JAR files but can be deployed/un-deployed at runtime.

2. JCR/Oak – if you are new to JCR then consider this as a database/repository where everything is saved.

3. Sling – it is a framework which allows to resolve incoming request to a resource on server side in RESTful manner. A resource can be a JCR Node, Script, Servlet or anything else that is stored in JCR repository.

4. Java/J2EE – I believe Java does not need any explanation :-)

AEM brings in lot of feature like:
1. Created reusable templates and components to design pages. This is the feature that will be our focus in this article.
2. Adobe Marketing Cloud Integrations
3. Content tagging and Meta data management
4. Search
5. Manage digital assets via DAM

You can read more about AEM features at:

So, what is special about using AngularJS in AEM?

By now you must have got basic understanding of AngularJS and AEM. If you remember 2 main features of each AngularJS and AEM (that I have highlighted above) you’ll notice that they talk about 2 different approaches of building web page.

·      AngularJS promotes/encourages to build single page application i.e. try to consolidate views, controllers and functionality as much as possible on one/same page so that your users don’t have refresh page and you can load views (based on route change). With help of $scope/$rootScope and controllers, models we achieve our functional goals. To build single page application one should know upfront about what functionality needs to be clubbed on that one page, what all are dependencies, what all controllers are needed and how (and which) scope variables, models will be used to share information across various controllers, views, directive etc.

·      AEM promotes to break your application in smaller reusable components and templates. Various components can be combined in variety of different ways to create web page. Components don’t know about each other and AEM does not talk about how to share data between components.

And this is exactly what we are going to talk about in this article. There are many ways to use AngularJS in AEM and we’ll see one of those. Here are the steps/activities that we’ll follow in this article to develop AngularJS based AEM components:

1. Create demo AEM TODO application (similar to http://todomvc.com/examples/angularjs) structure along with client library for AngularJS, bootstrap.
2. Create an AngularJS template.
3. Create an authorable TODO AngularJS component with controller etc. that can be dropped on any page that is created using AngularJS template (as mentioned above).

Before you start, I would recommend to download/cone github project that I have created for this article so that you’ll be bale to follow this article nicely. Download project from:

I have also created an AEM CRX package for this application that you can directly install in AEM. I’ll recommend to install package directly rather than creating folders/file manually. Once you are comfortable with code base and structure you can do it from scratch later to boost your understanding.

1. Demo AEM TODO app structure & client library

Once you have installed CRX package for this demo application you should have a structure similar to shown below. You can find CSS and JS files shown in this diagram on my github project (https://github.com/suryakand/aem-angularjs1-todo-sample).

2. Create an AngularJS template

As we saw earlier AngularJS and AEM have different recommendations for building an application (composing a page) and therefore if we want to use AngularJS with AEM then traditional approach of developing templates and components will not work. We have to structure our template and components in different way so that at runtime when a page is rendered it assembles JavaScript code e.g. controllers (from individual components) attach route to views and controllers etc. based on dropped components.

Look at the template (page component) under /apps/sif/components/angular/todo-sample/ng-page-todo. This template extends from “mobileapps/components/angular/ng-page” templae (provided by AEM for mobile apps.  If you explore ng-todo-page template, you’ll notice that we have following structure:

Let’s look at each file one by one and understand how this structure helps us to create an AngularJS based page in AEM.

A. ng-page-todo..jsp: this is the main script file that will be invoked whenever a page is requested (created using “ng-page-todo” template). Structure of this file is very simple and it includes 2 other scripts file head.jsp and body.jsp.

Important thing note here is usage of ng-app attribute. Notice how angular attribute “ng-app” is initialized on “html” tag. “ng-app” is initialized by a page property variable ${applicationName} and this will be our AngularJS application name.

B. head.jsp: this is inherited from base template “mobileapps/components/angular/ng-page” and primary use of this file is to include CSS clientlibs define in “css_clientlibs.jsp” file.

C. body.jsp: This is an important file and lot of things are going on here so, pay attention. This will has following functions:
  • Includes a header.jsp and footer.js where you can define common header and footer for your application.
  • Based on WCMMODE (EDIT, PREVIEW) render views. If the WCMMODE is EDIT then include template.jsp (which will render component’s markup directly) and if WCMMODE is disabled then just render tag which will be used by AngularJS application to render views. This part is very important to understand before we move to other files. The reason because of which we want to include either template.jsp or is because the way AngularJS router works. When we are in EDIT mode we don’t have access to everything that AngularJS needs to assemble and run application (controller, services etc.).
  • Includes JavaScript client libraries (js_clientlibs.jsp)
  • Includes “angular-app-module.js” where we define application module and config for angular application. This file is also responsible for initializing “$routeProvider” with appropriate views and controllers with the help of scripts written in “angular-route-fragment.js.jsp”.
  • Includes “angular-app-controllers.js” file, which is responsible for assembling AngularJS controller(s) from dropped components on a page. Controller name is automatically derived from page name (by removing all special characters) 
e.g. resource.getPath().replaceAll("[^A-Za-z0-9]", "")

3. Create an authorable TODO AngularJS component

Now, lets look at the component code for the component that we’ll be dropping on AngularJS template.

Look at the “ng-todo-list” component under /apps/sif/components/angular/todo-sample. This component extends from “mobileapps/components/angular/ng-component” (provided by AEM for mobile apps.  If you explore ng-todo-list component, you’ll notice that we have following structure:

Let’s look at each file one by one and understand how this structure helps us to create an AngularJS based component in AEM.

A. “ng-todo-list.jsp”: this is the main script file that is responsible for rendering content and will be called first. Structure of this file is very simple and it includes only 1 script file template.jsp where we have markup for our component.

B. “overhead.jsp”: if our component needs any initialization which is independent of AngularJS then use this script file. In our case we are not doing much here.

C. “controller.js.jsp”: This is where we’ll write AngularJS controller code. Please note that each component will have its own “controller.js.jsp”. When multiple components are places/dropped on a page/template, the script “angular-app-controllers.js” which part of template will club controller code into one controller. 

Try to look at the source (view source) of a page (created when you installed sample application). Also, look at the generated JavaScript files (todo-app.angular-app-module.js and todo-app.angular-app-controllers.js) in source code. Also, try to repeat same process (look at view source) by disabling WCM Mode (append wcmmode=disabled as query parameter).  e.g.  http://localhost:4502/content/en/todo-app.html?wcmmode=disabled

I have tried to keep this article simple to you a head start and information about how you can build AngularJS applications in AEM. If find something that can be improved as part of this application or in sample code feel free to leave a comment or write directly to me and I’ll try to work on that.

Thanks for reading!!!

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

AEM & Schema Based JSON Editor

AEM is very powerful when it comes to delivering content via REST. REST is core of AEM and with Sling’s selectors, resource resolution etc. it becomes even more powerful. Also, now a days REST has become a standard for applications to exchange data in stateless manner. To exchange data most of the time we use JSON format.

You might have created component, templates and pages etc. and also, you may have used .json selector (which outputs JSON in predefined format) to get JOSN representation of page but, have you every ran into a use case where you really want to manage real JSON data in AEM in similar way as you manage other pages?

In this post I’ll walk you through how to manage JSON (static only) in AEM. So, lets define a use case and acceptance criteria.

Use Case & Acceptance Criteria
1. We want to create a JSON editor (GUI based) component in AEM using which we can create/manage JOSN data in AEM.
2. We should be able to download JSON as a file.
3. We should be able to import JSON files edited outside of AEM and once imported we should be able to edit it via same GUI interface.
4. JSON should be validated before saving in both cases (manually editing via GUI or import)
5. We should be able to define schema (similar to XSD for XMLs) against which JSON will be validated.
6. AEM component should be able to generate component’s UI based on schema automatically and we don’t have to create separate component for managing different JSON formats.

Here is final output that we’ll get as solution (schema based json-editor). Here is quick summary of screen shots:

1) First screen shots shows a schema (JSON based) which will be used for validating JSON that we’ll edit/import and generating a GUI automatically to edit JSON data.
2) Second screen shots shows a UI generated based on provided schema. It also shows JSON validation status (on top left corner as Green Label) based on provided schema.

3) Third screen shots shows actual JSON output that will be generated when edited from UI and stored in JCR repository.

FIG. 1: JSON Schema for generating UI and validating JSON

FIG. 2: JSON Editor generated from schema

FIG. 3: JSON View (Generated by adding JSON via editor shown above)

For creating this solution I have used following:

1.  JS library (json-editor), which allows us to define schema and generate GUI based on provided schema. You can read about library and documentation on github:

2. Sling’s POST servlet (org.apache.sling.servlets.post.impl.SlingPostServlet) which is very useful when you actually want to perform CURD (create, update, read and delete) operation on JCR nodes. If you are interested in manipulating nodes in AEM and don’t want to deal with low level JCR session and access right etc. then look at some simple but, very powerful examples at below URL:

3. Bootstrap and Font Awesome CSS and Icon Library

Also, you can download complete AEM CRX package, which contains code (component, template), client libraries and sample pages for this article at following location:

You’ll notice that code is very self-explanatory and I’ll not spend much time explaining code but if you have any questions or need help feel free to post a comment.


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Pune, Maharastra, India
I am a Computer Science Engineer, Adobe Certified Architect (AEM 6.0) and Sun Certified Java Programmer. I love to code and explore new technologies.
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